Which image formats are best
for saving your pictures?

Find out in this article!

JPEG

GIF

PNG

What Image File Formats Are and Which Are Superior

You’ve probably noticed that graphic files have different extensions and that some can be uploaded to your favorite social network, while others cannot. Facebook, for instance, accepts only JPEG, PNG, and GIF image file types. These and others like BMG and TIFF are also called formats – a term most people have probably heard, but may not really understand. So, just what are image formats and which are your best options in what situations? Find the answers below!

What Is an Image Format?

An image format is a way of organizing digital graphic information. Formats that store the information are called either raster or vector.

In raster formats, images are constructed as grids of pixels with appropriate data stored in a file in either a compressed or uncompressed way. Rasterized images usually lose quality when they’re scaled up. Examples of raster formats include JPEG, PNG, GIF, BMP, and TIFF.

Vector formats construct graphics based on mathematical formulas and are used to create images that may require resizing. Vector images are made in graphic editors – usually icons, logos, or drawn illustrations. Photographs cannot be vector since cameras yield only raster pictures. Examples of vector formats include SVG and CGM.



What Are the Most Popular Image Formats?

Let’s review some of the more common formats for storing graphics.



JPEG

Short for “Joint Photographic Experts Group,” JPEG (or JPG) is the most widely supported image format. Many digital cameras and websites use JPEG as a standard for still images and photographs because this 16-bit format handles millions of colors and greatly reduces file sizes. However, due to the lossy compression inherent in JPEG, the image quality of the files decreases with each successive saving.



GIF

The Graphics Interchange Format, or GIF, is one of the earliest image formats designed for the Web, back in the 8-bit era. Because the GIF palette is limited to 256 colors, this format is usually used for images with low color variation such as graphs and logos. It also lets users create simple animations – series of linked pictures called animated GIFs, which are still popular on the Internet.



BMP

Initially developed by Microsoft as a native graphic format for Windows, BMP (which is an abbreviation for “Bitmap”) is now recognized by many Apple Mac OS X apps. The format stores picture color data without compression, which ensures high quality, but at the same time creates large files. For this reason, unlike JPEG and GIF, BMP is mostly used for printing, not on the Web.



TIFF

Thanks to lossless compression, the Tagged Image File Format (TIFF) helps to reduce the file size of photos while maintaining their quality. Originally created for desktop publishing, TIFF is popular among graphic artists and photographers and is recognized by many scanning and faxing apps.



PNG

Portable Network Graphics, abbreviated as PNG, is a format created to provide an improved, open-source alternative to GIF. The PNG-8 variant supports the same 256-color palette as GIF but works better with transparency and creates smaller files. The lossless PNG-24 type resembles JPEG in that it operates with millions of colors but, unlike JPEG, is also capable of preserving transparency. However, PNG-24 is not always compatible with various platforms and applications, and the resulting files tend to be larger than JPEGs.



Which Image Format is Best?

The answer to this question depends on what you want to achieve.

  • Want to store your full-color photos in the smallest size possible? Go with JPEG.
  • Need to ensure the highest quality for images you upload to the Web? Choose PNG.
  • Creating brand logos or other images with transparency? Try PNG or GIF.
  • Want to print color-heavy photographs? Pick BMP.

Now we’ve explained the differences between all the common image file types, you’ve probably figured out the format you need and are ready to convert your files to this format. The easiest way is to download a program like Movavi Video Converter that supports a whole list of multimedia file types, including the image file types mentioned here and many others. Use the software to

  • choose the format you want from 180+ options
  • take advantage of special image presets for social networks like Tumblr and DeviantArt
  • and so much more!


Movavi Video Converter

The ideal way to get your media in the format you need!

  • Convert video, audio, DVDs, and image files
  • Enjoy lightning-fast conversion without quality loss
  • Improve quality, adjust sound, trim and join files before converting
  • Save video and audio clips for easy mobile access

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